U.N. chief, Security Council call on Myanmar to end violence
By Michelle Nichols
U.S. Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell said on Tuesday he would not support a resolution targeting Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi over the treatment of the country's Rohingya Muslims.
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the U.N. Security Council on Wednesday urged Myanmar authorities to end violence against the majority-Buddhist country's Rohingya Muslims that has forced some 400,000 people to flee to Bangladesh.
Guterres said the situation in Myanmar's western state of Rakhine was best described as ethnic cleansing.
"When one-third of the Rohingya population had to flee the country, could you find a better word to describe it?" he told a news conference.
"I call on the Myanmar authorities to suspend military action, end the violence, uphold the rule of law, and recognize the right of return of all those who had to leave the country," said Guterres, adding that he had spoken several times with Myanmar's national leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.
The exodus of refugees, sparked by the security forces' fierce response to a series of Rohingya militant attacks on Aug. 25, is the most pressing problem Suu Kyi has faced since becoming leader last year.
The government says it is targeting "terrorists," while refugees say the offensive aims to push Rohingya out of Myanmar.
The 15-member Security Council met behind closed doors on Wednesday, at the request of Sweden and Britain, to discuss the crisis for the second time since it began and agreed to publicly condemn the situation.
The council "expressed concern about reports of excessive violence during the security operations and called for immediate steps to end the violence in Rakhine, de-escalate the situation, re-establish law and order, ensure the protection of civilians ... and resolve the refugee problem."
British U.N. Ambassador Matthew Rycroft said it was the first statement from the Security Council on Myanmar in nine years. Such statements have to be agreed by consensus and Russia and China have traditionally protected Myanmar from any action.
Myanmar said last week it was negotiating with Russia and China to ensure they blocked any censure by the Security Council over the violence in Rakhine state.
The United Nations' top human rights official earlier this week denounced Myanmar for conducting a "cruel military operation" against the Rohingya, branding it "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing."
Suu Kyi has canceled a trip to the U.N. General Assembly in New York next week to deal with the crisis. Rycroft said two high-level meetings on Myanmar were due to be held during the gathering of world leaders at the United Nations.
"The humanitarian situation is catastrophic," Guterres said. "This is a dramatic tragedy. People are dying and suffering in horrible numbers and we need to stop it."
For an interactive on desperate escape , click http://tmsnrt.rs/2eS8B9B
(Reporting by Michelle Nichols; Writing by Eric Walsh, Editing by G Crosse and Steve Orlofsky)
Myanmar, Bangladesh ink Rohingya return deal amid concern over army's roleBy Thu Thu Aung and Yimou Lee NAYPYITAW (Reuters) - Myanmar and Bangladesh signed an accord on Thursday over terms for the return of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who have fled to Bangladesh, a government...READ MORE...
No joke - China government warns northern cities to get serious in war on smog A man wearing a face mask rides a bicycle on a bridge in front of the financial district of Pudong covered in smog during a polluted day in Shanghai, China November 22, 2017. REUTERS/Aly Song BEIJING (Reuters) - Some...READ MORE...
Papua New Guinea police order protesting asylum seekers out of Australian-run campBy Tom Westbrook and Jonathan Barrett Men occupy the closed Manus Island immigration detention centre in Papua New Guinea, November 23, 2017. Abdul Aziz/Handout via REUTERS SYDNEY (Reuters) - Papua New Guinea police...READ MORE...
Australia urges strong, sustained U.S. engagement in Asia, warns on ChinaBy Swati Pandey U.S. President Donald Trump welcomes Chinese President Xi Jinping at Mar-a-Lago state in Palm Beach, Florida, U.S., April 6, 2017. REUTERS/Carlos Barria/Files SYDNEY (Reuters) - Australia called on Thursday on...READ MORE...